The Egyptians constituted an extremely religious society. This religiosity determined cultural and social practices among the Egyptians - one of them was the belief in immortality. For the Egyptians, death would be fleeting and life would return to the body, but the return to life would happen only if the body of the dying man was preserved.
If the soul (Ra) did not return to the body (Ka), it meant that the body had not been preserved. Hence the importance of body mummification, embalming and conservation in order to avoid decomposition. For this there were advanced techniques of mummification for the nobles and simpler techniques for the poor.
The advanced mummification techniques developed in ancient Egypt existed only because of the developed medicine. Egyptian doctors performed surgery, cared for fractures, knew the human anatomy. In addition to the technique of preserving bodies through mummification, the Egyptians needed to develop a method of protecting bodies from looters, hence the construction of huge tombs.
The graves would ensure the conservation of the bodies. Usually when a rich person (pharaoh), who boasted power, died, his body was mummified and later placed in the tombs that were considered a true dwelling. In them, Pharaoh and his riches were buried in a royal chamber and his servants (servants), scribes, priests, and animals in other simpler chambers.
The sacrifice of other people with Pharaoh's death was explained by the belief in immortality - the return to life would mean having other people to serve him (the servants) and continuing his wealth was critical to exercising power.
Egyptians wanted their corpse to look beautiful and young. They also did this because they wanted for the spirits to feel some way.
In ancient Egypt, rich and noble people would be buried in huge tombs. The pyramids are actually just that, tombs for pharaohs. They would get mummified so as to preserve the body, then they would be placed in sarcophagi and left inside of huge tombs.
The respected inhabitants of Egypt at that time were rich enough to build magnificent tombs and richly equip them with gold, precious stones, papyrus records, pictorial representations and statues.
Explanation:Unlike the people of Mesopotamia, the Egyptians believed in the afterlife. All the kings and the mighty priests built their own tombs decorated with images and sacred texts and filled them with valuables that they would use in another world. They took special care of the body after death, so they developed a process of embalming (mummies). They believed that when a body dies, it releases the soul of ka, who, though immortal, needs food and drink and must return to the body, and besides without the body, ka is sentenced to eternal wandering. At first embalming could only be afforded by kings, their families and powerful priests, but since the time of the Middle State, the afterlife has been democratized, anyone who could pay for the afterlife texts.
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