Suppose an alien form of life is discovered on mars. which of the following macromolecules would have to be discovered in this creature before scientists could suggest that life on earth and life on earth and life on mars have similars methods for storing and transmitting genetic information? a: lipid b: complex carbohydrate c: protein d: polynucleotide
B complex carbohydrate i think is the answer
Explanation: Polynucleotides are the chain of nucleotide monomers covalently bonded to each other. One such example is DNA which Deoxyribose nucleic acid and have a very distinct biological function. They store the genetic information and also transmit this information from one generation to another. Another example of polynucleotide is RNA which helps in the transcription of complex proteins.
All life uses polynucleotides as the basis for storing and transmitting the genetic information.
2. Carbon is so abundant in living things when oxygen is the most abundant element on Earth because carbon atoms can bond with one another to make chains and cyclic structures whereas oxygen atoms cannot form chains or cyclic structures. The answer to your question is A.
3. A protein is different from a complex carbohydrate because the monomers that make up a protein vary whereas the monomers that make up a complex carbohydrate are all the same. The answer to your question is A.
4. The macromolecules which would have to be discovered in this creature before scientists could suggest that life on Earth and life on Mars have similar methods for storing and transmitting genetic information is the polynucleotide. The answer to your question is D.
5. The type of macromolecule that might be is lipid. The answer to your question is C.
I am hoping that this answer has satisfied your query and it will be able to help you in your endeavor, and if you would like, feel free to ask another question.
-Ploynucleotide is the macromolecule that would have to be discovered in this creature before scientists could suggest that life on Earth and life on Mars have similar methods for storing and transmitting genetic information.
-Polynucleotides are made from nucleotides that are linked via phosphodiester bond (phosphoric acid residue). They are formed by ribonucleotides are called ribonucleic acid (RNA); deoxyribonucleotides form deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
-DNA contains the genetic instructions for the development and function of living things. RNAs carry information of amino acid sequence from the genes to where proteins are assembled on ribosomes in the cytoplasm.
Question 1: The right answer is D.
Living organisms contain four basic elements: Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon, and Hydrogen.
Two important elements are also needed to design the cell membrane, which is phosphorus and sulfur.
Here is a mnemonic to remember respectively the six main chemical elements, present in living organisms: ONCH SP
Question 2: The right answer is A
Carbon forms the framework of all the organic molecules that make up living things, in association with oxygen, nitrogen, phosphate, and hydrogen, among others.
It is through photosynthesis that the carbon in the air in inorganic form - carbon dioxide (CO2, the famous greenhouse gas) - is captured by plants and transformed into organic matter. It is this organic form that allows herbivorous animals to make the sugars, lipids, and proteins that make them.
Question 3: The right answer is A.
Proteins and carbohydrates (not to mention lipids) are essential energy nutrients for the body. They are different but complementary.
Proteins are involved in the vast majority of the life of our cells, they are fundamental elements of life. They are helpful to our immune system to protect us from diseases. They also serve to transport molecules and regulate our hormones. High protein foods are dairy products, meat, eggs and fish (animal protein). But there are also many in cereals and legumes (vegetable proteins).
Finally, carbohydrates include sugars, considered as the first source of energy of the body. There is, of course, table sugar and all that is sweet, called simple carbohydrates, but there are also complex carbohydrates contained in cereals, potatoes, rice, or fruits and pulses. Carbohydrates are simply essential to the functioning of the brain. If you do not have enough sugar in your blood, your brain will gradually stop working: it is hypoglycemia.
Question 4: the right answer is D.
A polynucleotide is a polymer consisting of several nucleotide monomers covalently linked to form a chain. Nucleic acids such as ribonucleic acid (RNA) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) are polynucleotides.
DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid and is the carrier molecule for hereditary genetic information.
RNAs are molecules formed by the assembly of ribonucleotides, and which have very many functions in the cell.
Question 5: The right answer is C.
In addition to carbon and hydrogen, polynucleotides and proteins contain nitrogen and oxygen in large proportions.
Carbohydrates contain carbon, nitrogen, but also oxygen.
the lipids contain mainly carbon and hydrogen but contain oxygen in a very small proportion (one or two atoms) for example cholesterol (C27H46O) and palmitic acid (C16H32O2).