Malaria is one of the most common parasitic diseases in the world. it is caused by a protist from the genus plasmodium and is carried by mosquitoes. when a mosquito carrying this protist punctures a human's skin, it releases sporozoite into the human. the effects on the human's internal environment are shown below.
how does malaria affect the internal environment of the human body?
It kills red blood cells
Malaria affects the internal environment of the human body by destroying red blood cells.
C. it destroys red blood cells
When Plasmodium sporozoites enter the body, they infect the liver. New cells called merozoites emerge from the liver and infect red blood cells. The merozoites eventually burst from the red blood cells, destroying them and releasing toxins that cause various symptoms.
In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. The most common symptoms of malaria including fever, are caused when the parasites invade red blood cells (erythrocytes) and rupture.