The Boyle-Mariotte's law or Boyle's law is one of the laws of gases that relates the volume (V) and pressure (P) of a certain amount of gas maintained at constant temperature, as follows:
PV = k
where k is a constant.
We can relate the state of a gas at a specific pressure and volume to another state in which the same gas is at different P and V since the product of both variables is equal to a constant, according to the Boyle's law, which will be the same regardless of the state of the gas. In this way,
P₁V₁ = P₂V₂
Where P₁ and V₁ is the pressure and volume of the gas to a state 1 and P₂ and V₂ is the pressure and volume of the same gas in a state 2.
In this case, in the state 1 the gas occupies a volume V₁ = 100 mL at a pressure of P₁ = 150 kPa. Then, in the state 2 the gas occupies a volume V₂ (that we must calculate through the boyle's law) at a pressure of P₂ = 200 kPa. Substituting these values in the previous equation and clearing V₂, we have,
P₁V₁ = P₂V₂ → V₂ =
→ V₂ =
→ V₂ = 75 mL
Then, the volume occupied by the gas at 200 kPa is V₂ = 75 mL
fe 55.85 g/mol and h2o 18.02 g/mol.
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