The first step is the ionization of the acid to produce the hydronium ion. Then the OH will attack this ion to produce a charged species that can be stabilized when H2O is produced.
Then an elimination takes place to produce the more substituted alkene 2-butene and the hydronium ion is gain produced.
smooth muscle is composed of involuntary muscles found within the walls of organs and structures such as the esophagus, stomach, intestines, and blood vessels. those muscles push materials like food or blood through organs. unlike skeletal muscle, smooth muscle can never be under your control.