INTERmolecular forces are those that exist between molecules, so you can think of it liek international things taking place between countries. As you are aware, dipoles exist across an entire molecule, so for 2 dipoles to interact, there needs to be 2 molecules. Van der Waals forces also take place between molecules when there is an uneven distribution of electrons across a molecule, causing a temporary weak dipole. Hydrogen bonding is similar to dipole-dipole forces, but only happen when there is a hydrogen interacting with an atom on another molecule that has a lone pair of electrons.
Covalent bonds, however, are INTRAmolecular, meaning they are present within a molecule. Covalent bonds are the bonds that exist when two atoms, within the same molecule, share electrons so both can have a stable electron configuration.
Hope I helped! xx
B. Covalent bonds.
These bonds are between atoms in the molecule whereas the other are forces between molecules.
a. dipole-dipole f...