If 4.35 grams of zinc metal react with 35.8 grams of silver nitrate, how many grams of silver metal can be formed and how many grams of the excess reactant will be left over when the reaction is complete? show all of your work. unbalanced equation: zn + agno3 yields zn(no3)2 + ag
Zn + 2AgNO3 = Zn(NO3)2 + 2Ag
To determine the grams of silver metal that is being produced, it is important to first determine which is the limiting reactant and the excess reactant from the given initial amounts. We do as follows:
4.35 g Zn ( 1 mol / 65.38 g ) ( 2 mol AgNO3 / 1 mol Zn ) = 0.1331 mol AgNO3 needed
35.8 g AgNO3 ( 1 mol / 169.87 g ) ( 1 mol Zn / 2 mol AgNO3 ) = 0.1054 mol Zn needed
Therefore, the limiting reactant would be the zinc metal since it would be consumed completely in the reaction. The excess amount of AgNO3 would be:
0.2107 mol AgNO3 - 0.1331 mol AgNO3 = 0.0776 mol AgNO3 left ( 169.87 g / 1 mol ) = 13.19 g AgNO3 left
0.0665 mol Zn ( 2 mol Ag / 1 mol Zn) ( 107.9 g / 1 mol) = 14.3581 g Ag produced
the answer is na (sodium)
hydrocarbons are organic compounds that contain only hydrogens and carbons. they can be saturated (those which contain only carbon-carbon single bonds) or unsaturated (those which contain carbon-carbon double or triple bonds) in nature. hydrocarbons can undergo several reactions like substitution, elimination etc.
on substituting one or more hydrogen atoms in hydrocarbon it results in the formation of haloalkane. as the halogen atoms are large compared to the carbon and hydrogen atoms, due to which the molecular weight increases and the bond become polar because of presence electronegative halogen atom and results in the increase in boiling point of the haloalkane.
thus, the correct option is (b) that is the boiling point of the new compound increases on substituting a hydrogen atom with a halogen in a hydrocarbon.