A. Spain established colonies in North and South America.
The first voyages of Columbus mark a period described as the discovery of America, or the New World (discovery for the Europeans). Columbus was looking for a new route to India and Asia, he didn´t know there was a continent unknown until then.
The Spanish crown continued the exploration in the first half of the 16th century. Spanish explorers ventured into different directions. They discovered new lands. As a result of Columbus discovery and intense exploration in seach of gold and riches, Spain conquered vast areas, subjugated their peoples and built the greatest colonial empire of the 16h-17th century, ranging from North America to South America.
It created a voyage and discovery for the New World, which allowed explorers to conquer new lands. If that made any sense...