c. republican government
Before the arrival of the Republic, Rome was an elective monarchy. The seventh and last king of Rome, Tarquinio el Soberbio, used violence, murder and terror to maintain control over Rome as no previous king had used them, repealing even many constitutional reforms that his predecessors had established.
Tarquinio abolished and destroyed all the sanctuaries and Sabino altars of the Tarpeya Rock, thus enraging the Roman people. The crucial point of his tyrannical reign happened when he allowed his son, Sixth, to exert violence on Lucrecia, a Roman patricia. A relative of Lucrezia, Lucius Junius Brutus, convened the Senate, which decided the expulsion of Tarquinius in the year 510 BC. C.
Immediately after the expulsion of the monarch a permanent Senate was created that decided to abolish the monarchy turning to Rome into a republic in the year 509 a. C. Rome was endowed with a new system of government designed to replace the leadership of the kings. The new position of Consul was created, specifically assigned to two senators. Initially, the consuls had all the powers that the king once had, but shared with another consular colleague. Their mandates were annual, and each consul could veto the actions or decisions of his colleague.
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