Explanation: Geography contributed greatly to the emergence of these three countries because the sources of salt and gold deposits were abundant, which ultimately favored the creation of navigation and trade routes to facilitate the traffic of the precious metal and the saline resource, which They were the main sources of wealth of these empires.
It provided access to the large ports on the Atlantic.
The lack of fresh water made rulers here more warlike.
It provided a place for trade between the North and the South.
The desert was difficult for outsiders to invade.