1. which medieval art forms served educational and decorative purposes? (select all that apply) (2 points)
a. flying buttresses
c. gothic cathedrals
d. sculpted portraits
e. stained glass windows
2. how did epic poems reflect the cultures of medieval europe? (1 point)
a. they reflected the european ideal that the group was more important than the individual.
b. they reflected the belief in power of compromise and negotiation.
c. they reflected the view that the common people were as important as the nobility.
d. they reflected themes of loyalty and heroism that were prized in europe.
3. medieval illuminated manuscripts provide insight into which of the following? (select all that apply) (2 points)
a. daily medieval life
b. mathematicals advancements
c. religious devotion
d. scientific innovation
e. taxation records
4. which of the following purposes did early medieval universities serve? (select all that apply) (1 point)
a. educated the masses
b. prepared clergy
c. promoted debate over church doctrine
d. trained meant to serve in bureaucracies
5. how did the hundred years war affect the medieval of feudalism in which vassals owed military service to the king? (1 point)
a. the vassal system became more important in winning battles and holding conquered territory for the king.
b. the introduction of the longbow and cannon made the vassal system more efficient.
c. the need for a larger, standing army with greater mobility made the vassal system obsolete.
d. the vassals became commanders of mercenary armies paid by the king to fight.
6. which of the following became a significant threat to church power as a result of the great western schism? (1 point)
a. reformers began to challenge the traditional role of the church.
b. the political factions backing different popes began to exert more influence over church activities.
c. the moral authority of the church weakened.
d. the bible was translated into english
7. which describes a way in which russia's geography influenced the development of it civilization? (1 point)
a. west-flowing rivers connected it economically and culturally to western europe.
b. the ural mountains and the eurasian plain kept russia culturally and economically isolated.
c. south-flowing rivers
d. its southern steppe region
8. how did byzantine christianity influence russian orthodox christianity? ()
a. it set the patterns for good relations with muslim empires.
b. it set the pattern for a church hierarchy led by the pope.
c. it set the pattern for the development of an absolute ruler.
d. it set the pattern for close church and state.
9.which of the following was one way ivan lll and ivan iv strengthened their authoritarian rule? (1 point)
a. they allied themselves with the mongols
b. they encouraged peasants to present grievances
c. they increased trade with western europe
d. they limited the power of the boyars
10. which of the following was one way the histories of medieval poland and hungary were similar? (1 point)
a. both became the ancestors of the serbs
b. in both, political power shifted from the nobles to the monarch
c. both had been powerful eastern orthodox kingdoms
d. both had been powerful roman catholic kingdoms
11.which statement best summarizes the effects of mongol rule on russia? (1 point)
a. the absolute power of the mongols later influenced later russian
b. the mongols were lenient and tolerant
c. the mongols were lenient and tolerant rulers, but they isolated
d. the mongols spread islam throughout
Tapestries and stained glass windows were both decorative and educational in that they often decorated churches and cathedrals and gave them that elevated and glorious style, but on the other hand were educational in that they often showed events from the Bible so those who couldn't read could learn something about it.
2. The correct answer is D.
Loyalty and heroism were highly valued in the Middle Ages because that was the time of many wars where people had to defend what they believed in. This was a time of knights, so obviously they had to be loyal to the king they were serving.
3. The correct answers should be A and C.
Illuminated manuscripts were a type of writing accompanied by a lot of pictures, decorations, and illustrations. They often depicted images from ordinary and religious life, and didn't focus much on science or politics of that time period.
4. The correct answers should be B and D.
At the time, universities admitted only those who were supposed to be 'church' and 'bureaucracy' people. They were the most important people at the time because religion and administration were quite relevant. Masses weren't allowed to be educated at such a high level, and given that there was nothing more important than church, C is incorrect.
5. The correct answer is C.
As I said, at the time there were many wars. So having vassals wasn't really as profitable as it used to be. They were traded for large armies which could defend kingdoms against any invaders, which there were a lot of at the time. Thus, the vassal, and feudal system began to fade.
6. The correct answer is A.
As mentioned above, the Church and religion were of utmost importance during the Middle Ages. Many wars were fought because of religion alone. So when the tide changed, and when the importance of religion began to wane, the Church's power also diminished.
7. The correct answer is C.
Russia and its entire civilization developed primarily because of its south-flowing rivers. For any rising civilization, it is important to be situated near water because water is the source of life and thanks to it, Russia grew and became the power it is today.
8. The correct answer is D.
Russia is known for valuing religion quite a lot. It is the largest Orthodox Christian country today, and over time, religion and politics in that country intermingled to create a joint venture of sorts. Even today, religion is inseparable from government and politics.
9. The correct answer is D.
Ivan III and Ivan IV wanted to have even more power for themselves and not depend or rely on anyone else - this is why they wanted to diminish the power of the boyars. The boyars were aristocracy in old Russia, and they were almost as important as the ruling royalty.
10. The correct answer is D.
Both Poland and Hungary were strong medieval kingdoms based in Catholic religion. Many parts of Europe and further were once part of the great Roman Empire, and these two countries were no different. Thus it is logical that they kept some (if not most) of the qualities they had then, such as Catholicism.
11. The correct answer is C.
Although the Mongols tried to be quite lenient and tolerant towards their subjects and the people they conquered, they weren't so good when it came to Russia. As a result of their actions, Russia became so isolated that it eventually grew powerful and eventually, the Mongols disappeared.
Answer 1E) Stained glass windowsF) TapestriesExplanation:
The medieval art of the American world includes a wide range of time and place, over 1000 years of art in Europe, and at times the Middle East and North Africa. It involves significant art movements and years, national and regional art, classes, improvements, the artist's crafts, and the artists themselves.
Answer 2D) They reflected themes of loyalty and heroism that were prized in europe.Explanation:
The European epic culture starts with Homer in Greece around 800 BC. It is imperative that students of English literature read The Iliad and The Odyssey. The structure of the epic poem, its standard characters, its plot, its metaphors, and so forth are all set out in Homer. All epic poets of the note read him. Other epic poets hold Hesiod, Apollonius, Ovid, Lucan, and Statius.
Answer 3A) Daily medieval life C) Religious devotionExplanation:
Design in medieval manuscripts presented a number of functions. It was used to improve the look of the book and its value. It might also function as a description of the quality of the person or institution that had hired or owned the book. The bulk of these manuscripts are of a spiritual nature. Most medieval manuscripts, illustrated or not, were written on paper, but most manuscripts significant enough to brighten were written on the best quality of paper, called vellum.
Answer 4B) Prepared clergyD) Trained meant to serve in bureaucracies Explanation:
A medieval university is a company founded during the Middle Ages for the goals of higher learning. The first Western European universities usually studied universities were built in the Kingdom of Italy, the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of France, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Kingdom of Portugal between the 11th and 15th times for the study of the Arts and the higher orders of Theology, Law, and Medicine.
Answer 5C) The need for a larger, standing army with greater mobility made the vassal system obsolete.Explanation:
The principal form of organization of medieval community was recognized as feudalism. Within this system, people were split into three estates, the society, the ministry, and citizens. In the countryside, most people who were not nobles were farmers or slaves, bound to the land, and working for the noble who held the land.
Answer 6A) Reformers began to challenge the traditional role of the Church.Explanation:
The Western Schism, also named Papal Schism, Great Occidental Schism and Schism of 1378, was a division within the Catholic Church continuing from 1378 to 1417 in which two, since 1410 even three, men concurrently declared to be the true pope, having dismissed one another. Throughout this time, both popes declared authority over all Christians. The split considerably impaired the Church.
Answer 7C) South-flowing riversExplanation:
Germinating the soil could have developed peasants' yields significantly. However, long snowy winters and regular food deficiencies made it hard to hold livestock healthy. A shortage of fertilizer and slow dissolution in Russia's cold atmosphere suggested that land produced very slowly.
Answer 8D) It set the pattern for close church and state.Explanation:
Originally the Orthodox Church bestows much with the other Christian Churches in the faith that God declared himself in Jesus Christ, and a faith in the substance of Christ, his suffering and transformation. The Orthodox Church varies considerably in the way of life and worship. Eastern Orthodox Church of Russia commanded by the Patriarch of Moscow and using an Old Church Slavonic ritual or one of its independent 20th-century parts particularly outside Russia.See Attachment for more answers
It hindered interaction with Western Europe.
The Iron Curtain was set as an imaginary line between the two prevailing ideologies, the communism and the capitalism. On one side, the western, were the western democracies, while on the other side, the eastern one, were the communist countries. The western societies were mostly under the guidance and influence of the United States while the eastern societies were under the direct rule of the Soviet Union.
While the West wanted to promote trade and free communication and movement between the two sides, the Soviet Union didn't. The Soviet didn't wanted any western influence to shake up their rule and power so they stopped any movement of goods, ideas, and technology between the two sides. The people of many countries were not happy about this, especially in the cases of Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary, the people revolted, but all revolts were suffocated brutally by use of violence and military force.
the competition for trade