Wanda, an employee of Presert Inc., has not achieved her sales targets in the past three fiscal quarters. Hence, unlike her peers, she has not received a pay increment; moreover, her superior has withheld her annual bonus. Which of the following reinforcement tools has Wanda's superior used in this scenario?
A. Avoidance learning
B. Negative reinforcement
Reinforcement theory is a psychological principle which states that behaviors are shaped by their consequences either negatively or positively. Individual rewards can be changed through rewards and punishment alike.
The reinforcement theory revolves round a basic idea that consequences influence behavior. Consequence that brings rewards promotes a particular behavior and consequences that give punishment discourage the occurrences of a behavior.
There are four types of reinforcement theories, namely;
Extinction refers to discouraging a learned behavior by withholding a reward that has encouraged the behavior.
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