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1.Which term is applied to powers shared between the state and federal government?
2.How much power do the states have in a confederate system of government?
A:They have most of the power.
3.According to Thomas Jefferson, how should the necessary and proper clause be interpreted? This clause states, "...to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution the enumerated powers."
A: If the federal government can perform an enumerated power without a particular law or action, then that law or action is unnecessary and therefore unconstitutional.
4.According to Alexander Hamilton, how should the powers of government be understood?
A: The national government is a sovereign government. It has broadly defined powers when it acts in relation to any of the lawful ends of government.
5.Which level of government prints money?
In a confederate system of government, the majority of political power is based on the local government, while the central government has very little power. Local government has the power to act as they wish, which can cause conflicts between states and the central government.
The Confederation represents an alliance between states, reinforced by a common ruling body that has no higher central authority that would give the Confederacy a mark of sovereignty. The Confederation does not have any of the three state governments (legislative, executive, judicial).
The implementation of decisions is made unanimously (which carries a risk of inefficiency) and depends on the will of the member states because they implement decisions.
The Confederation, as a legal relationship between states, has neither a central authority, nor its territory, nor its population. The states sign an international treaty, not a constitution, so member states have both a veto right and a secession right. Therefore, the confederation cannot be even considered as a state, but rather an enhanced form of the alliance between states.