Social Studies, 22.06.2019 01:00
While on patrol, a police officer saw a known drug dealer drive by alone in his car. the officer suspected that the dealer was in possession of drugs, but he lacked probable cause to stop the dealer on that basis. the officer noticed that the windows of the car were tinted in excess of what is permitted by state law. the officer pulled the dealer over for violation of the window-tinting law. while issuing the ticket to the dealer, the officer smelled marijuana smoke emanating from the vehicle. the officer ordered the driver out of the car and searched it, finding not marijuana, but a bag of cocaine on the floor of the trunk. at trial for drug possession, the dealer sought to suppress the cocaine. if the court grants this suppression motion, which of the following is most likely justification for doing so? a the stop for violation of the window-tinting law was merely a pretext for determining whether the dealer was in possession of drugs. b the officer was searching for marijuana, not cocaine. c the officer lacked probable cause to search the trunk of the car. d the officer was only justified in searching an area within the wingspan of the dealer once he was out of the car.